Cuban Salsa: How counting matters

In Cuban Salsa we count 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8 to the beat of the music. Since we don’t step on 4 and 8, we normally count “1-2-3-…, 5-6-7-…”. Since we can tap on 4 and 8, as an optional feature, many of us count 1-2-3-tap, 5-6-7-tap. So far so good.

The full eight count

In Cuban Salsa, and this is important to understand because it is not the case in X-Body Salsa, a move, a figure, a combination (they are all the same), comprises of 1 or more counts of eight. A move starts on 1, it can continue for several counts of eight but the move always ends on 5-6-7, and every count of eight is a sub-move with a start, 1-2-3, and an ending, 5-6-7.

Most moves in Cuban Salsa are made not just for social partner dancing but also for use in Rueda de Casino. For that reason most moves will consist of any number of eight-counts that will bring the dancer around the partner circle 1 or more times and back to Guapea position or ready to do Dame Una or Dile Que No. Almost all moves follow that recipe.

We have nothing like that in X-Body Salsa except that combinations are likely to also start on 1 and end on 8 as in Cuban Salsa. But in X-Body Salsa, inside a combination, moves as we know them in Cuban Salsa or sub-moves, can easily start on 5 instead of on 1, and for that reason it is common in X-Body Salsa to count 1-2-3, 1-2-3 or simply “quick-quick-slow, quick-quick-slow”. In X-Body, the concept of 5-6-7 to end something, is not that important.

Sombrero and barrel turn

How to end the Sombrero figure, putting the hat on, is a good example. In X-Body Salsa it ends on the 1-2-3 beat of the music. In Cuban Salsa it simply can only end on 5-6-7. In X-Body Salsa a swing motion on 5-6-7 can act as preparation for e.g. a barrel turn on 1-2-3.

That the 5-6-7 of a previous move can act as prep for the next move, is inconceivable in Cuban Salsa. The closest we get to that is to use the 8 count to open up and tap as a prep for the next move. In Cuban Salsa the flow of the dance means that the energy and direction of 5-6-7 of a previous move, can continue over and indirectly prepare for what comes next but not in the explicit prepping way that is common in X-Body Salsa.

In Cuban Salsa moves are tightly connected with any number of eight-counts. And the movements of the hands most often follow the counting. On 1-3-5-7 the hands are low, on 2 and 6 they are high. A lot of exceptions exist like in Siete and Vacilala but if you are in doubt when doing a move, it is a good rule of thumb.

In X-Body Salsa combinations are a sequence of walking and turns, quick, quick, slow. In Cuban Salsa combinations are a set of moves, each demanding to start on 1-2-3 and to end on 5-6-7.

Confusing ways to count

In some old Cuban Salsa videos, they have a terrible way of counting. They count to the music but they number the counts disregarding the pauses. Instead of saying “1-2-3, 5-6-7”, they say “1-2-3, 4-5-6”. This is so confusing that I can’t recommend those DVD courses for beginners. It is the most helpful that the counting follows the beat number in the music.

In this video from the “Quick and Dirty Guide to Cuban Salsa” DVD course, we have an example of the confusing way of counting 4-5-6 instead of 5-6-7:

Same video at YouTube: Siete Loco Complicado with 4-5-6 counting.

Another confusing way to count in some old videos, stem from the fact that many Cubans like to start the dance right a way. When instructors outside Cuba, including Cubans (they have adapted to the non Cuban way to get accepted), start Rueda de Casino or dance exercise in class, they find the beat in the music, and as preparation to start on 1, they count 5-6-7 without moving, and then we all move on one.

But many Cubans in Cuba simply can’t wait, they must start to dance as soon as they recognize the beat. They start moving their feet already on 5-6-7. No problem. But the Cubans don’t say 5-6-7 but 1-2-3. The 1-2-3 is an alias for 5-6-7 in the music, when you start a dance. They count: 1-2-3, 1-2-3, 5-6-7, 1-2-3, 5-6-7. Some even say 4-5-6 instead of 5-6-7 as we learned above.

The classic “Salsa Racing” DVD course has both bad habits, making the videos confusing for most beginners. They start on 5 and they count 1-2-3, back-2-3, 4-5-6. Watch the full video. The strange way of counting becomes more obvious for non-Spanish speaking dancers, when the Follow starts instructions in English:

Same video at YouTube: Siete Loco Complicado (A). With insane counting!

Dancing on count five

If you watch the last video carefully especially in the beginning, it is not just at the start of the move they count 1-2-3 instead of 5-6-7, and in the dance intro we see at the beginning, the counting is all wrong from a dancing on one point of view. Siete is not started on the 1-2-3 beat but on 5-6-7 and the rest of the move has also reverse counting.

Of cause we can dance on five instead of on one, and consistency is the hallmark of mediocrity, and it works well for experienced dancers, especially if the Follow accepts it and is all in, but dancing mostly on one and sometimes on five for a change is not the best way to teach Cuban Salsa for dummies.